curriculum-kosshijutsujouden

Kosshijutsu Jouden

Kosshijutsu (骨指術) is an ancient form of armed and unarmed combat which focuses on striking muscles, organs and nerves to disrupt and dismantle the opponent. Kosshijutsu jouden is an advanced learning module that takes training and principles from the shoden and chuuden modules and applies it to multi-person drills, group techniques and high level kosshijutsu concepts.

The fundamentals of kosshijutsu are split into three levels; shoden, chuuden and jouden or beginner, intermediate and advanced.

Kosshijutsu Jouden is made up of 18 forms split into three categories, team drills [hankeiko] (班稽古), team captures [hantorite] (班捕手), and high level concepts [kougainen] (高概念). These three areas are called Kosshi Roppou Hankeiko, Kosshi Roppou Hantorite and Kosshi Roppou Kougainen respectively.

These forms are designed to reinforce muscle memory and practice good martial habits.

Prerequisites for Kosshijutsu Chuuden are:
- Taihenjutsu Shoden
- Taihenjutsu Chuuden
- Taihenjutsu Jouden
- Kihenjutsu Shoden
- Kosshijutsu Shoden
- Kosshijutsu Chuuden

Kosshijutsu Jouden Hankeiko - 骨指術上伝班稽古

Hankeiko (班稽古) are team drills that reinforce intermediate concepts taught in kosshijutsu chuuden, while introducing an additional element of another attacker or working together with a partner to attack a single opponent. Hankeiko focuses more on tactical appraisal and situational awareness, assuming that all participants are sufficiently trained in the combat doctrine of kosshijutsu. 

Hankeiko are performed with three or more participants, with the attackers outnumbering the defender by at least a ratio of three to one (two to one in the case of three people). One attacker and one defender take the role of leader or primary, who lead and initiate the attack and defence. 

[一] Chuushin Toppa - 中心突破 (Central Breakthrough): Opponent's are back to back facing forward in seigan no kamae. Lead opponent strikes with joudan tsuki. Receive the strike with fudou uke and shift back. Ancillary opponent comes from behind lead opponent and strikes with fudou tsuki. Receive the strike with fudou uke. Lead and ancillary opponents continue to attack shifting around each other. 

[二] Sokuhoui - 側包囲 (Flanking Encirclement): Opponent's are back to back facing forward in kosei no kamae. Lead opponent moves out and strikes at a diagonal angle with shitan sage. Receive the strike with kiten age and shift back. Ancillary opponent moves out at the opposite diagonal and strikes with shitan sage. Receive the strike with kiten age and shift back. Lead and ancillary opponents continue to attack moving at opposite diagonals. 

[三] Shakou Junjo - 斜交順序 (Oblique Order): Opponent's are back to back facing forward in doko no kamae. Lead opponent moves forward and strikes with omote kitenken. Receive the strike with joudan uke and shift back. Ancillary opponent moves out at a diagonal and strikes with omote kitenken. Receive the strike with joudan uke and shift back. Lead opponent continues to strike forward, while ancillary opponent moves around striking from alternate diagonals in an oblique order.

[四] Zenshin Youdou  - 前進陽動 (Advancing Feint): Opponent's are back to back facing forward in seigan no kamae. Lead opponent moves forward and strikes with joudan tsuki. Receive the strike with joudan uke and shift back. Ancillary opponent moves around lead opponent and strikes with gedan tsuki. Receive the strike with gedan uke and shift back. Lead and ancillary opponents continue to attack shifting around each other. 

[五] Shusei Shinkou - 守勢進攻 (Defensive Drive): Lead opponent is in front in jumonji no kamae and ancillary opponent is behind in ichimonji no kamae. Lead opponent drives forward with jumonji no kamae, while ancillary opponent shifts around and strikes with joudan tsuki. Cover the lead opponent with seigan uke and use joudan uke with the rear hand against the ancillary opponent, switch posture to other side. Ancillary opponent repositions behind lead opponent. Lead opponent drives in again and ancillary opponent strikes from the other side. Use seigan uke and joudan uke on the other side. Opponents continue to attack. 

[六] Kansetsu Yougeki - 間接邀撃 (Indirect Assault): 
Lead opponent is in front in seigan no kamae, ancillary opponent is behind in ichimonji no kamae. Lead opponent feints with shako ken and follows up with sokugyakuken to the sai. Cover the feint and evade the kick, counter attack with a kick to the kaku. Lead opponent moves into ichimonji no kamae and ancillary opponent comes around to kick up to the counter kick. Move into ichimonji no kamae and shift back. Ancillary opponent immediately feints with shako ken and kicks with sokygyakuken. Lead opponent follows up from behind same as before. Attack continues with lead and ancillary opponents switching attack and counter attack. Continue to move back evading and counter attacking. 

Hankeiko covers six classical combat tactics for infantry or archers. These techniques and tactics can be used with small teams or large formations. The core principle of hankeiko is working as a team and not only disrupting the opponent, but harmonizing with team members to avoid disrupting each other. Theoretically hankeiko are straightforward, but require time and training to work efficiently with a team or group.


Kosshijutsu Jouden Hantorite - 骨指術上伝捕手

Hantorite (班捕手) are six capturing tactics for grabs to the chest, elbow and wrist. These techniques are designed to teach individuals how to deal with multiple opponents, but also teach teams of two or more how to engage efficiently. Teamwork and attacking from multiple angles becomes exponentially more complex with each new person added to the combat equation.

Hantorite are performed with three or more participants, with the attackers outnumbering the defender by at least a ratio of three to one (two to one in the case of three people). One attacker and one defender take the role of leader or primary, who lead and initiate the attack and defence. 

[一] Ryoujin Omote Gyaku - 双人表逆 (Double Outside Reverse): Lead Opponent grabs the chest or lapel. Ancillary opponent attacks from the omote side (front). Cover the lead opponent's hand with your rear hand and receive the ancillary opponent's attack with the lead hand and shift back.  Secure your lapel with your lead hand, then shift back and pull the lead opponent's hand from the lapel, while pushing the opponent's hand into the ancillary opponent and shifting back. Attack the ancillary opponent with a kick and grab the lead opponent's wrist with both hands and apply the gyaku by shifting back and bringing the wrist to the hip. Neutralize the ancillary opponent.

[二] Ryoujin Ura Gyaku - 双人裏逆  (Double Inside Reverse): Lead opponent grabs the chest or lapel. Ancillary opponent attacks from the ura side (back). Cover the lead opponent's hand with your lead hand and receive the ancillary  opponent's attack with the rear hand and shift back. Kick the ancillary opponent and step across, while shifting the rear hand to the lead opponent's shoulder joint. Apply the gyaku and drive the lead opponent into the ancillary opponent while throwing them. Neutralize the ancillary opponent. 

[三] Ryoujin Ganseki Nage - 双人巌石投 (Double Boulder Throw): Lead opponent grabs the elbow and the ancillary opponent moves onto the omote side to attack. Receive the attack from the ancillary opponent then shift forward, taking the lead opponent's balance. Bring the rear hand underneath the lead opponent's arm and drive the elbow into the kimon. Pull back with the rear leg and drive down with the forearm. Keep the lead opponent in a controlled position then throw them. Neutralize the ancillary opponent.

[四] Ryoujin Musha Dori - 双人武者捕 (Double Warrior Capture): Lead opponent grabs the elbow, while the ancillary opponent attacks from the ura side. Cover the opponent's shoulder with the lead hand and shift forward, pushing the lead opponent into the ancillary opponent. Bring the rear hand over the lead opponent's arm and pivot around, turning away from the lead opponent and facing the ancillary opponent. Apply the capture and throw the lead opponent. Neutralize the ancillary opponent.

[五] Ryoujin Musou Dori - 双人無双 (Double Peerless Capture): Lead Opponent grabs the wrist and ancillary opponent attacks from the omote side. Cover the lead opponent's shoulder and shift to the side, taking the opponent's balance, while pulling them into the ancillary opponent's attack. Place the hand on the shoulder blade and pull the opponent forward, while bringing the opponent's arm up, throwing them on the ground. Neutralize the ancillary opponent.. 

[六] Ryoujin Oni Kudaki 双人鬼砕 (Double Demon Break): Lead opponent grabs the wrist, while the ancillary opponent attacks from the ura side. Cover the opponent's shoulder and shift to the side, taking the lead opponent's balance and pushing them into the ancillary opponent. Bring the rear arm under the lead opponent's arm while bringing the lead hand up. Grab the lead opponent's arm with the rear hand and apply the capture. Throw the lead opponent into the ancillary opponent. Neutralize the ancillary opponent. 

Hantorite techniques and tactics can be scaled up from small teams to large group confrontations, and can also be used when outnumbered or outnumbering the opposition. The basic concept of hantorite is 'divide and conquer', this means incapacitating opponents one at a time, while keeping them in control and as a shield against further attacks. Hantorite can be practiced both against striking or grabbing attacks. 

Kosshijutsu Jouden Kougainen - 骨指術上伝高概念

Kougainen (高概念) are advanced concepts hidden within the techniques of kosshijutsu. Kougainen are complex kata practiced with three or more participants in a dynamic exercise with attackers and defenders. The primary purpose of kougainen is to improve situational awareness and tactical thinking in a stressful combat situation. 

Kougainen are performed with three or more participants, with the attackers outnumbering the defender by at least a ratio of three to one (two to one in the case of three people). One attacker and one defender take the role of leader or primary, who lead and initiate the attack and defence. 

[一] Ryoujin Kiten Toppa no Kata  - 双人起転突破の型 (Double Turning Fist Penetration): Ichimonji no kamae. From seigan no kamae, the lead opponent strikes with joudan tsuki, receive with joudan uke and cover the lead opponent's rear guard. The ancillary opponent follows up with a joudan tsuki. Receive with seigan uke and apply ganseki nage to the ancillary opponent, while striking through to the amedo of the lead opponent with omote kiten. 

[二] Ryoujin Shitan Geigeki no Kata - 双人指端迎撃の型 (Double Five Finger Counter): Seigan no kamae. From seigan no kamae, the lead opponent covers your wrist with their wrist and strikes down with omote kiten onto the nagare. The ancillary opponent attacks with joudan tsuki to the head. Drop the lead arm, switch sides of your kamae and strike up to the opponent's hoshi with shitanken. Strike with fudou uke to the ancillary opponent's seitaku, then apply musha dori.

[三] Ryoujin Shitou Furiko no Kata - 双人指倒振子の型 (Double Thumb Thrust Pendulum): Doko no kamae. From seigan no kamae, the lead opponent covers your wrist with their wrist and strikes up with fudou ken to the kasei. The ancillary opponent follows up with a gedan tsuki to the kimon. Raise the lead arm, switch sides of your kamae and strike down to the lead opponent's nagare with shitouken, then thrust forward into the lead opponent's amedo. Apply gedan uke to the ancillary opponent's attack and thrust forward with the shitouken, capturing the ancillary opponent's shoulder. Apply musou dori. 

[四] Ryoujin Kiten Taoshi no Kata - 双人起転倒の型 (Double Turning Fist Felling): Hichou no kamae. From seigan no kamae, the lead opponent strikes with gedan tsuki to the kimon. The ancillary opponent follows up with a joudan tsuki to the head. Receive the low strike with gedan uke using the lead hand and receive the high strike with the rear hand, then kick up to the hoshi with the lead leg to the lead opponent. Step forward and strike to the amedo with ura kitenken, while applying ganseki nage to the lead opponent and capturing the ancillary opponent's arm with your armpit.

[五] Ryoujin Keri Kaihi no Kata - 双人蹴回避の型 (Double Kick Evasion): Kosei no kamae. From seigan no kamae, the lead opponent kicks to the sai with the lead leg. The ancillary opponent follows up with a gedan tsuki to the kimon. Shift the lead leg back and receive with gedan uke, then kick up with keri sage to the sai, kaku or yaku of the lead opponent. Shift the gedan uke into a capture and throw the ancillary opponent with ganseki nage. 

[六] Ryoujin Jumonji no Kata - 双人斬隠 (Double Cruciform): Jumonji no kamae. From seigan no kamae, the lead opponent strikes with joudan tsuki. The ancillary opponent follows up with gedan tsuki. Intercept the joudan tsuki with jumonji no kamae and use joudan uke to direct the attack into the ancillary opponent, then strike with shitou ken to the lead opponent's hoshi. Step back and both opponents attack again. Same as before on the other side.

Kougainen are more complex versions of the gainen techniques found in the Kosshijutsu Chuudan. The primary purpose of these techniques and tactics is to get used to engaging multiple attackers and using them against each other efficiently, without getting cornered or put off balance. Kougainen is the highest level of Kosshijutsu of the Touitsuteki Kihon Katei and will fully prepare a student for the practice of Kosshijutsu in the Jade Tiger School.

Review and Conclusion

Kosshijutsu Jouden encompasses all the lessons taught in Kosshijutsu Shoden and Chuuden and Taihenjutsu Shoden to Jouden. Kosshijutsu is the foundation of the Jade Tiger School and also often referred to as 'the foundation of all martial arts'. Kosshijutsu is the ultimate form of armed martial arts against armored or protected attackers using both weapons or unarmed strikes. Kosshijutsu Jouden takes existing lessons into the tactical and leadership realm, preparing students for small unit tactics and techniques.