curriculum-shoutoujutsuchuuden

Shoutoujutsu Chuuden

Shoutoujutsu (小刀術) is a sub-specialisation of kenjutsu (刀術) focusing on the use of the Japanese short-sword. Shoutoujutsu chuuden is an intermediate module that teaches the more advanced principles and concepts of one handed Japanese swordsmanship. 

The fundamentals of Shoutoujutsu are split into three levels; shoden, chuuden and jouden or beginner, intermediate and advanced. Shoden focuses on solo drills and techniques, chuuden teaches paired techniques and jouden looks at multiple attacker scenarios.

Shoutoujutsu chuuden is made up of 18 forms split into three categories, drills [keiko] (稽古), capturing[mutoudori] (無刀捕) and concepts [gainen] (概念). These three areas are called Shoutou Roppou Keiko, Shoutou Roppou Mutoudori and Shoutou Roppou Gainen respectively. 

These forms are designed to reinforce muscle memory and practice good martial habits.

Prerequisites for Shoutoujutsu Chuuden are:
- Shoutoujutsu Shoden

Shoutoujutsu Chuuden Keiko - 小刀術中伝稽古

Keiko (稽古) are drills designed to practice posture, receiving and attacking. Keiko should be fluid and practiced with intent. 

[一] Hi no Keiko - 一の稽古 (First Drill): Gedan no kamae. The opponent strikes with kiri age from joudan no kamae. Evade to the right or left and thrust into the jakkin or ura jakkin with tsuki. Capture the opponent's lead wrist with the rear hand. 

[二] Fu no Keiko - 二の稽古 (Second Drill): Joudan no kamae. The opponent strikes with kiri sage from kuji no kamae. Evade to the right or left and strike down to the nagare of the lead or rear arm, respectively, with kiri age. Capture the opponent's lead arm with the rear hand. 

[三] Mi no Keiko - 三の稽古 (Third Drill): Gedan no kamae. The opponent strikes with migi kiri kesa from joudan no kamae. Evade to the right or left and receive the opponent's blade with your blade, inside or outside respectively. This is joudan uke migi/hidari. Strike to the opponent's lead wrist with kitenken. 

[四] Yo no Keiko - 四の稽古 (Fourth Drill): Gedan no kamae. The opponent strikes with hidari kiri kesa from joudan no kamae. Evade to the right or left and receive the opponent's blade with seigan uke, inside or outside respectively. Capture the opponent's arm.

[五] I no Keiko - 五の稽古 (Fifth Drill): Joudan no kamae. The opponent thrusts with tsuki from chuudan no kamae. Evade to the right or left and receive the opponent's blade with gedan uke. Capture the opponent's lead wrist with the rear arm. 

[六] Mu no Keiko 六の稽古 (Sixth Drill): Gedan no kamae. The opponent feints with a thrust to the face and then kicks with the lead leg to the sai. Receive the opponents feint with seigan uke and lock hand guards then capture the opponent's wrist with the rear hand, as the opponent goes to kick shift the leg behind and kick up to the opponents kaku or yaku. Apply the gyaku to the wrist.

With the shoutou, aim to capture the opponent after each receiving attack. The opponent should also endeavor to use the rear hand to counter or capture. Keiko should be practiced with intent and commitment. 

Shoutoujutsu Chuuden Mutoudori - 小刀術中伝無刀捕

Mutoudori (無刀捕) are the methods of catching and disarming an opponent who is armed with a weapon. Shoutoujutsu mutoudori or sword capturing techniques are not solely intended for disarming armed attackers, rather they are used to teach a student the strengths and weaknesses of the short-sword and proper distance for engaging and disengaging. 

[一] Hi no Mutoudori - 一の無刀捕 (First Capture): Shizen no kamae, rear foot leading. The opponent cuts from joudan no kamae with kiri age. Shift forward and catch the opponent's lead elbow with the rear hand, then strike to the opponent's kimon with the lead hand. Shift the lead hand up and catch the opponent's lead wrist, pull the elbow down and the wrist over behind, throwing with omote nage. 

[二] Fu no Mutoudori - 二の無刀捕 (Second Capture): Shizen no kamae, rear foot leading. The opponent cuts from joudan no kamae with kiri age. Shift to the side and catch the opponent's lead elbow with the rear hand, then strike to the opponent's kimon with the lead hand. Shift the lead across and catch the opponent's lead wrist, pull the elbow up and the wrist over behind, kicking with the lead leg to the opponent's lead leg and throwing with omote nage.

[三] Mi no Mutoudori - 三の無刀捕 (Third Capture): Shizen no kamae, rear foot leading. The opponent thrusts in from chuudan no kamae with gedan tsuki. Shift to the side and kick the opponent's arms away. Grab the elbow with the rear hand and grab the wrist with the lead hand. Throw with seoi nage.

[四] Yo no Mutoudori - 四の無刀捕 (Fourth Capture): Shizen no kamae, rear foot leading. The opponent thrusts in from chuudan no kamae with joudan tsuki. Shift to the side and intercept the thrust with the rear hand. Place hand around the opponent's lead hand. Step in with the lead leg then move the rear leg around to apply omote gyako on the wrist.

[五] I no Mutoudori - 五の無刀捕 (Fifth Capture): Shizen no kamae, rear foot leading. The opponent cuts in with kiri ichimonji from the right side. Jump back to evade. As the opponent raises the blade to cut in from kiri age, jump in and grab the elbow with the rear hand while striking to the kimon with fudou ken. Kick to the chest and jump away. 

[六] Mu no Mutoudori 六の無刀捕 (Sixth Capture): Shizen no kamae, rear foot leading. The opponent cuts in with kiri ichimonji from the left side. Jump back to evade. As the opponent lowers the blade to cut in from kiri sage, jump in and grab the elbow with the lead hand. Catch the wrist with the rear hand and throw with seoi nage.

Mutoudori is a vehicle for learning. Unarmed defense against armed opponents is extremely difficult for even the most experienced practitioner. What this means however is that practicing these techniques will give students a strong understanding of distance, timing and angles. Practice mutoudori with the purpose of learning, rather then applying these techniques in real life. 

Shoutoujutsu Chuuden Gainen - 小刀術中伝概念

Gainen (概念) are core combat concepts for the Japanese short-sword. These are basic counter attacks and engaging techniques.

[一] Hi no Gainen - 一の概念 (First Concept): Gedan no kamae. The opponent cuts down from joudan no kamae with kiri age. Shift to the side and thrust into the opponent's throat, while capturing the opponent's wrist.

[二] Fu no Gainen - 二の概念 (Second Concept): Gedan no kamae. The opponent strikes with migi kiri kesa from joudan no kamae. Intercept the opponent's blade on the inside and turn it counter-clockwise, while stepping. Capture the opponent's wrist, then cut through the opponent's kimon.

[三] Mi no Gainen - 三の概念 (Third Concept): Gedan no kamae. The opponent strikes with hidari kiri kesa from joudan no kamae. Intercept the opponent's blade on the outside and turn clock-wise. Capture the opponent's wrist, then cut through the opponent's kimon.

[四] Yo no Gainen - 四の概念 (Fourth Concept): Hassou no kamae. The opponent cuts in with kiri age from joudan no kamae. Drop the blade back and step through cutting the kimon.

[五] I no Gainen - 五の概念 (Fifth Concept): Hassou no kamae. The opponent cuts in with migi kiri ichimonji. Shift back, then immediately shift forward and cut down to the opponent's nagare, while capturing the opponent's elbow with the rear hand. 

[六] Mu no Gainen 六の概念 (Sixth Concept): Hassou no kamae. The opponent cuts in with hidari kiri ichimonji. Shift back, then immediately jump in and cut to the opponent's amedo, while capturing the opponent's wrist. 

These concepts form the very basis of swordsmanship. Practice them consistently to get a feel for the flow and rhythm of the Japanese long sword.